Introductions and conclusions play an important role in the academic writing, and they frequently demand much of your attention as a writer. A good introduction should identify your topic, provide background meaning, and indicate your particular focus in the essay. It also needs to engage your readers' interest. A strong conclusion will provide a sense of closure to the essay while again placing your concepts in a somewhat wider context. Since no two essays are the same, no one formula will automatically generate an introduction and conclusion for you. But the following guidelines will help you to construct a suitable beginning and end for your essay.
Your introductory paragraph should include: